由于中印边境局势紧张， 印度莫迪昨天召集国安顾问多瓦尔 、国防部长辛赫及印度国防参谋长拉瓦特等官员举行高层级国安会议，讨论中印实际控制线情势。
Donald Trump offers to mediate in India-China border dispute
Mr Trump’s offer to intervene came as Beijing and New Delhi have increased troop presence along their disputed 4,000km boundary, where rival border patrols have engaged in at least two brawls in recent weeks.
“We have informed both India and China that the United States is ready, willing and able to mediate or arbitrate their now raging border dispute,” Mr Trump tweeted early Wednesday morning.
Neither New Delhi or Beijing responded immediately. But the presidential tweet has put a spotlight on the growing tensions in the sparsely populated Ladakh region, and other remote Himalayan areas, where India and China are engaged in a deepening strategic contest over their undemarcated border region.
In early May, border patrols from the two countries confronted each other along the banks of Ladakh’s Pangong Lake, a site where there have been previous confrontations. A few days later, Indian and Chinese patrols engaged in a serious brawl at Naku La in Sikkim, a violent clash that left several troops from both sides injured.
Following these confrontations, Beijing accused Indian patrols of incursions into Chinese territory, which New Delhi denied. India said that Chinese soldiers have deliberately obstructed its own routine border patrols.
Since then, both sides have reinforced their troop strength at four separate spots. Troops from the rival countries are now in closer than usual proximity, raising the prospect of a protracted stand-off through the summer.
The boundary dispute dates back to British colonial rule and tensions have steadily increased over the past decade. Alice Wells, the outgoing head of the US State Department’s Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, last week said the border tensions were part of a pattern of greater Chinese assertiveness, and ongoing efforts to shift the status quo in its periphery.
“Flare-ups on the border, I think, are a reminder that Chinese aggression is not just rhetorical,” Ms Wells told reporters. “And so, whether it’s in the South China Sea or whether it’s along the border with India, we continue to see provocations and disturbing behaviour by China that raises questions about how China seeks to use its growing power.”
In recent years, India has worked hard to develop new roads and logistical infrastructure on its side of the disputed boundary, in an effort to put them on a par with China’s own highly developed border infrastructure.
In October 2019, India inaugurated a brand new road to its border post at Daulat Beg Oldi. “For years, China built infrastructure on its side of the LAC [Line of Actual Control] and India wasn’t keeping up,” said Tanvi Madan, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and author of the book Fateful Triangle, about relations between India, China and the US. “India is now playing catch-up.”
But Indian analysts believe China has been irked by New Delhi’s initiatives to reinforce its position. “The Chinese are used to India being completely relaxed and lazy,” said Phunchok Stobdan, author of a book about Sino-Indian strategic rivalry in the Himalayas. “Suddenly, they see a lot of activity and they are not able to take it.”
India vs. China military capabilities:
India: 3.5 million
China: 2.7 million